1. The highly polished monolithic Ashokan pillars were carved out of single pieces of a buff-coloured sandstone, usually mined from the quarries of
2. Which one of the following animals was not represented on the seals and terracotta art of the Harappan Culture?

3. The site of Harappa is located on the bank of river
4. Which one among the following Indus cities was known for water management?
5. At which of the following sites the first evidence of the cultivation of cotton has been found?
6. Megaliths
7. From which one of the following regions the earliest evidence of the rice cultivation has come?
8. 'Sohah Culture' is another name of
9. Which one of the following sites is the largest Mesolithic site in India?
10. Which one of the following Mesolithic sites provides evidence of a battle?
11. Which one of the following Mesolithic sites has the distinction of being the first site to be discovered in the arid zone?
12. Which animal figures most in the cave paintings of Mesolithic age?
13. From which one of the following Mesolithic sites charred and corbonised grains of wild rice embedded in the burnt clay remains of wattle and daub walls of huts, has been discovered?
14. Which one of the following statements is not true about the Chalcolithic cultures of India?
15. At which one of the following Neolithic sites, the evidence of the unique practice of burying the dogs with their masters in the caves has been found?
16. Which one of the following cultures is influenced by Harappan culture?
17. At which one of the following Mesolithic sites thatched wind screens were constructed?
18. Which is one of the most extensively excavated Chalcolithic age rural sites in the continent?
19. Regarding the Indus Valley Civilisation, consider the following statements : 1. It was predominantly a secular civilisa¬tion and the religious element, though present, did not dominate the scene. 2. During this period, cotton was used for manufacturing textiles in India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
20. Three most common features of all Indus Valley sites were
21. Consider the following statements 1. The great bath was the most important public place of Mohenjodaro made for ritual bathing. 2. The floor of the bath was made of burnt bricks. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
22. A piece of woven cotton has been recovered from which one of the following Harappan sites?
23. Consider the following statements about Harappan trade 1. A trading colony was established in Northern Afghanistan to facilitate trade with Central Asia. 2. Dilmun and Makan were the two intermediate trading stations between Mesopotamia and Meluha. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
24. Which of the following statements regarding Dholavira is correct? 1. It lies in the Kachchh area of Gujarat. 2. The city was fortified. 3. It shows all the three phases of Harappan culture. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
25. The Harappan towns and cities were divided into large-blocks.
26. One of the Harappan deities not represented in later Hindu religion is
27. Which of the following sites excavated recently shows all the three stages of Harappan Occupations (Pre-Harappan, Harappan and Post Harappan)?
28. Which one of the following was not cultivated in the Harappan Civilisation?
29. Harappan weapons were made of
30. The detification/worship of which of the following was not a part of the religion of Indus Valley People?
31. Which one among the following is not the characteristic feature of the Harappan settlement?
32. Rows of distinctive fire altars with the provision of ritual bathing have been found at
33. Which animal is engraved on most of the Harappan seals?
34. The most important item of import in the Harappan civilisation were
35. . Which one of the following statements regarding Harappan Civilisation is correct?
36. Copper, used most widely by the Harappans, was obtained from
37. Which of the following was not a feature of trade links between the Indus Valley and other contemporary West Asian civilisations?
38. Which one of the following sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation had an ancient dockyard?
39. The Harappan site located near the Iranian border is
40. Which of the following characteristics distinguishe the Harappan Civilisation from other contemporary civilizations of the world?
41. Which of the following was not a contemporary of the Indus or Harappan Civilisation?
42. Traces of rice cultivation have been found at which of the following Harappan sites?
43. Which one of the following is not a feature of Lothal?
44. Which of the following was not a religious belief of the Harappan people?
45. Which of the following statements regarding Kalibangan is not true?
46. At which one of the following sites a pre-Harappan settlement has not been found?
47. The worship of fire in Harappan Civilization is proved by the discovery of fire altars at
48. Four outposts of the Harappan Civilization were
49. The latest Harappan site discovered in Gujarat is
50. The Harappan city which had three divisions named as 'citadel' or acropolis, 'middle town' and 'lower town', with elaborate gate complex on its fortifications was
51. Harrapan agricultural economy was mainly based on
52. Who among the following has been called as the father of Indian Pre-history?
53. The site of Harappa is located on the bank of river
54. Which one among the following Indus cities was known for water management?
55. Which one among the following statement regarding Jorwe Culture is not correct?
56. At Kalibangan a ploughed field showing furrows in two directions cutting each other at right angles shows that
57. A Harappan site being surrounded by flood barriers in order to protect it with the aid of UNESCO funds is
58. At which of the following Harappan sites has been found a vase depicting the folk tale the 'Thirsty crow' ?
59. The first metal most widely used by the Indus Valley People was
60. Which of these settlements witnessed the first introduction of iron before the end of 2nd millenium (2000 to 1000) BC?
61. Terracotta seated figures of women making dough has not been found at which of the following Harappan sites?
62. In which of the following respects is there considerable variations in the Harappan Civilization?
63. nstruments soldered together by their loped ends has been found at
64. Which of the following was not a port town in Harappan Civilisation?
65. . Consider the following statements 1. The Harappans looked upon the Earth as a fertility Goddess and worshipped her as Mother Goddess, the terracotta figures being found at Mohenjodaro. 2. The male deity surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros, a buffalo below his throne and two deer at his feet is identified as Pashupati Mahadeva. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
66. Sir Mortimer Wheeler, referring to the origin of the Harappan Civilization, said : ''the Indus Civilization may, in origin, best be visualised as the sudden offspring of opportunity and genius... the idea of civilization came to the land of the Indus from the land of the twin rivers.'' The statement refers to the colonization of the Harappan settlements by the people.
67. The Harappans had developed script and knew writing which is proved by
68. What does Baudhayan theorem (Baudhayan Sulva Sutra) relate to?
69. What is the Vedic name of river Ravi?
70. Statement I Mahavira initially joined a group of ascetics called Nirgranthas. Statement 11 The sect was founded 200 years earlier by Parsva.
71. The chief opponents of the Aryans were the indigenous people of non Aryan origin known as Panis and Dasas or Dasyus. The factor which enabled the Aryans to emerge victorious in the struggle against the indigenous tribes was
72. The term 'Aryans' denotes
73. The `dharma' and 'rita' depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilisation of India. In this context, consider the following statements 1. Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one's duties to oneself and to others. 2. Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
74. Which term is used to describe the spread of Buddhism from India through South-East Asia?
75. Which one of the following Vedic God/Goddess depicts an association with the Sun?
76. What is the correct chronological order in which the following kings ruled in India? 1. Bimbisara 2. Mahapadma Nanda 3. Kanishka I 4. Skanda Gupta Select the correct answer using the codes given below
77. Which of the following was/were not related to Buddha's life? 1. Kanthaka 2. Alara Kalama 3. Channa 4. Goshala Maskariputra Select the correct answer using the codes given below
78. Which of the following kingdoms did not appear in the later-Vedic North India?
79. Which one of the following scripts of ancient India was written from right to left?
80. Which vedic text refers to money lending?
81. Which one among the following is not true with regard to Rigveda Samhita?
82. The 40-year war between ancient Aryan King Divodas and Shambar resulted in the defeat of (IFS 1993)
83. Which one of the following four Vedas contains an account of magical charms and spells?
84. The term 'Yavanapriya' mentioned in ancient Sanskrit texts denoted (lAS 1995)
85. The themes of the murals of the Ajanta Caves are 1 decorative designs which include a variety of animals, trees and flowers. 2. portraits of various Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. Select the correct answer using the codes given below 3. narrative scenes portraying Jataka stories.
86. Which of the following statements regarding Rigvedic women is not correct?
87. The Purushsukta, which refers to the origin of caste, is found in the
88. Which one of the following is not true regarding the swastika x symbol?
89. The Rigvedic God Varuna was
90. Which of the following statements regarding the later vedic age is not correct?
91. Which of the following social practice was not pursued during the Vedic period?
92. Which of the following social practice was not pursued during the Vedic period?
93. Which is the correct meaning of the term rule of primogeniture' ?
94. Which one of the following was initially the most powerful city State of India in the 6th century BC?
95. Which one of the following was a corporation of merchants in ancient India?
96. 38. The river most mentioned in early Vedic literature is
97. The famous grammarian Panini hailed from which of the following mahajanapadas?
98. Which of the following provides the correct sequence of dynasties ruling at Magadha?
99. Which of the following kings of Magadha transferred the capital from Girivraja to Pataliputra permanently?
100. In the context of Indian society, which one of the following terms does not belong to the category of the other three?
101. Tundiyas and Akasias were the royal officers connected with which of the following works?
102. Which one among the following is not a characteristic of Rig-Vedic Aryans?
103. The Buddhist Law or Doctrine of Karma meant
104. Which of the following statements correctly describe the difference between a chaitya and stupa?
105. On which of the following points both Brahmanism and Buddhism are in agreement with each other?
106. Which of the following was the factor behind Magadhan supremacy?
107. Who among the following was a contemporary of Gautarn Buddha?
108. The concept of eight-fold path forms the theme of
109. According to the Buddha, the cause of all human sorrows is trishna which means
110. In ancient Indian Buddhist monasteries, a ceremony called Pavarana used to be held. It was the :
111. Consider the following statements 1. The Buddhists in Deccan excavated rock-cut Chaityas and the Vaishnavas, Shaivas and Jainas imitated these in later centuries. 2. The Vaishnavas, Shaivas and Jainas excavated temples at sites far distant from rock-cut Chaityas. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
112. In Buddhism, what does Patiomokkha stand for?
113. Consider the following kings 1. Ajatshatru 2. Bimbisara 3. Prasenjit Which of these was/were the contemporary/contemporaries of Gautam Buddha?
114. Which one of the following is not a part of early Jain literature?
115. The concept of Anuvrata was advocated by
116. Mahamastakabhisheka, a great religious event, is associated with and done for who of the following?
117. Among the following who is given the credit of carrying Jainism in South India?
118. The Jainas believe the Jainism is the outcome of the teachings of twenty four Tirthankaras. In the light of this statement which one among the following is correct of Vardhamana Mahavira?
119. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
120. Which of the following were common to both Buddhism and Jainism? 1. Avoidance of extremitice of penance and enjoyment. 2. Indifference to the authority of the vedas. 3. Denial of efficacy of rituals. 4. Non-injury to animal life. Select the correct answer using the codes given below
121. With reference to ancient Jainism, which one of the following statements is correct?
122. Consider the following statements regarding Jainism 1. The Jain philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by universal law. 2. Anekantvada is a core theory and philosophy of Jainism. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
123. With which religion is Kaivalya associated?
124. . Buddha did not recognise 1. idol worship 2. existence of soul after death 3. sacrifice Select the correct answer using the codes given below
125. Relics of Buddha are preserved in a
126. The famous indo-Greek king embraced Buddhism was
127. The meaning of 'Buddha' is
128. Rigveda is divided into 10 books. Which among the following book(s) is/are the oldest?
129. The Gayatri Mantra contained in the Rigveda is dedicated to which deity?
130. The learned lady who is said to have debated the famous law giver Yajna valkya was
131. Which one among the following principles was not propagated by the Theosophical Society?
132. Consider the following statements According to Hindu Law, marriage is defined as 1. a contract 2. a sacrament 3. mutual understanding 4. indissoluble Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
133. The highly polished monolithic Ashokan pillars were carved out of single pieces of a buff-coloured sandstone, usually mined from the quarries of
134. The 'Arthasastra' is a treatise on which one of the following?
135. Consider the following statements about Chandragupta Maurya 1. Chandragupta Maurya abdicated the throne in his old age and followed the Jain Saint Bhadrabahu to the South. 2. Justin has stated that Chandragupta Maurya as a young man had met Alexander face to face in Punjab. 3. The Greek sources mention Chandragupta Maurya as Sandrocottus and Androcottus. 4. The Buddhist sources regard him as a Kshatriya of the Maurya clan. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
136. Which one among the following statements about Ashokan Edicts is correct?
137. Consider the following statements 1. Mudra Rakshasa, Parisishta Parvan (Jain) and Mahavamsa (Buddhist) describes Chandragupt Maurya's war with Nanda King Dhanananda. 2. Junagarh Rock Edict of Rudradaman mentions about Chandragupta Maurya's conquest of Western India (Saurashtra). 3. Chandragupta Mau rya conquered Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra region of South but not Kalinga. 4. Jain text Parishisthaparvan describes that Chandragupta embraced Jainism towards the end of his life. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
138. . Consider the following passage and identify the three tribal principalities referred to therein using the codes given below In the early history of the far South in India, three tribal principalities are mentioned in Ashokan inscriptions of the 3rd century BC and in Kharavela inscription of the 1st century BC.
139. Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the given rulers of ancient India?
140. Consider the following statements about Ashoka's edicts and inscriptions 1. Kharosthi script was used in the two Northern Major Rock Edicts at Mansehra and Shah bazgarhi. 2. Meerut and Topara pillar inscriptions were shifted to Delhi. 3. In the Queen's Edict Ashoka ordered that ''Who soever monk or nun breaks up the Sangha, after being clothed in white garments, shall take up abode in a place other than a monastery.'' 4. Ashoka's son Tivara and his second wife Karuwaki is mentioned in his Edicts. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
141. The notion of saptanga that was introduced in Arthashastra includes
142. The Ashtadhyayi of Panini, the Ma habhashya of Patanjali and the Kashika Vritti of Jayaditya deal with
143. The first major event of the reign of Ashoka was the Kalinga War and conquest of Kalinga. Which of the following was the actual cause of Kalinga War?
144. Consider the following statements about Ashoka's Dhamma 1. Non injury, restraint in behaviour and equal treatment to all, constitutes the doctrinal aspects of dhamma. 2. Fear of sin does not constitute the doctrinal aspects. 3. Doing less sins and more good are the two essential constituents of Dhamma. Which of the statements given above are correct?
145. Ashoka himself considered his policy of Dhamma as
146. In social matters Ashoka's most revolutionary concept was
147. Which Rock Edict of Ashoka provides a description of the horrors of Kalinga War?
148. Inspite of his gradual conversion to Buddhism and the concept of Dhamma Vijaya, Ashoka was not a total pacifist. Which of the following does not confirm this view?
149. Which of the following administrative measures was not taken up by Ashoka?
150. Which of the following was the single most important social malady of Ashoka's period, to eliminate which he expounded the policy of Dhamma?
151. Which of the following statements about the Mauryan relations with Sri Lanka is not correct?
152. Who of the following dedicated the caves in Nagarjuni hills to the Ajivikas?
153. On the death of Ashoka, the empire was probably divided into the Western and Eastern halves. The successor in Western and Eastern half respectively were
154. Which of the following supposed causes of decline and disintegration of the Mauryan empire is most likely?
155. Who among the following scholars were contemporary of Kanishka? 1. Ashvaghosa 2. Nagarjuna 3. Vasumitra 4. Chanakya Select the correct answer using the code given below
156. Which of the following statements about the Mauryan Kings is not correct?
157. Which one of the following Mauryan Province had a foreign governor (Greek-- Yavana)?
158. Which of the following statements about Antamahamatta is not correct?
159. According to the Junagarh Rock inscription of Rudraman, during the reign of one of the following rulers, a dam was built on the Sudarshan lake to facilitate water supply to the neighbouring country side in Saurashtra. The ruler was
160. Kautilya classified the spies into
161. Megasthenese states that Indian society was divided into seven classes, namely, philosophers, farmers, herdsmen, artisans, soldiers, overseers and councilors. This division was based on what consideration?
162. Which of the following gives the correct order of the first three Varnas according to their importance during the Mauryan period?
163. According to the indigenous sources, including Ashokan Epigraphs, slavery existed in India during Mauryan period, but Megasthenese said, all Indians are free and not one of them is a slave'' . On what grounds did he infer so?
164. Which one of the following statements about the guilds of the Mauryan period is not correct?
165. Which of the following statements about trade regulations in the Mauryan period is not correct?
166. The entire fourth book of Kautilyas Arthashastra deals with Kantaka Sodhana, which means
167. The five Hellinic kings all contemporaries of Ashoka, found mentioned in Rock Edict XIII are
168. Consider the following statements 1. The Gandhara art of the Peshawar Valley is known for some of the finest sculptures made in dark grey schist. 2. The Kushanas were the first Indian Kings to have portraits of themselves made in their shrines. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
169. Use of white marble, long legs and slender frames, human beings as central characters and prominence of kings, princess and palaces'' were the characteristic features of which one of the following ancient art forms of India?
170. Consider the following statements 1. Kalinganagar was the ancient Indian city destroyed by cyclone. 2. Charsada and Taxila are described as caravan cities in the post Mauryan context. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
171. Consider the following statements 1. The last Mauryan ruler, Brihadratha was assassinated by his commander¬in-chief, Pushyamitra Sunga. 2. The last Sunga King, Devabhuti was assassinated by his Brahmana minister Vasudeva Kanva who 60. usurped the throne. 1. The last ruler of the Kanva dynasty was deposed by the And hras. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
172. Consider the following statements 1. Shungas issued the first Indian cast coins. 2. Shungas retained the title of senapati even after becoming the ruling dynasty. 3. Patanjali was the chief priest in the Asvamed ha Yajna performed by Pushyamitra. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
173. With reference to the invaders in ancient India, which one of the following is the correct chronological order?
174. Which of the following items were introduced in India by the Chinese traders? 1. Vermillion (Sindoor) 2. Bamboo 3. Coconut 4. Watermelon Choose the correct answer using the codes given below
175. Which one of the following statements regarding Ashokan Stone Pillars is incorrect?
176. Consider the following statements 1. Naradasmriti is the earliest texts to deal exclusively with legal matters. 2. Asvaghosa was the first dramatist to use Sanskrit for the composition of plays. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
177. Who among the following anticipated Newton by declaring that all things gravitate to the Earth?
178. The rulers of which dynasty adopted titles like Svamin, Bhadramukha, Sugrihitanaman and Rastriya?
179. 64. In India, the first to put forward the theory that the Earth revolves round the Sun was
180. Which one of the following Edicts mentions the personal name of Ashoka?
181. Which of the following was not a feature of the post Mauryan terracotta art?
182. Many of the Greeks, Kushanas and Shakas embraced Buddhism rather than Hinduism because
183. Which one of the following is not a feature of North Indian temple architecture?
184. In which of the following regions, the evidence of rock-cut architecture is not found?
185. Which one of the following texts of ancient India allows divorce to a wife deserted by her husband?
186. Which one of the following statements is not true about the condition of slaves in post-Mauryan period?
187. Which one of the following dynasties was ruling over North India at the time of Alexander's invasion?
188. Which one of the following is not true about the social condition during the post-Mauryan period?
189. Which one of the following sculptures invariably used green schist as the medium?
190. Which one of the following is not true about the differences between Varna and Jab?
191. Zero was invented by
192. Which one of the following is not true about the Agrarian system of post-Maurya n period?
193. Consider the following statements 1. Pulumavi find (Satvahavan King) founded the town of ilavanagar. 2. Yajna Satkarni, (Satvahan King) was described as Trismudradhipati by Bana. 3. The office of Amatya and Pratiha appears first in the inscription of Satavahans. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
194. Which of the following dynasties arose after the decline of the Satavahana Empire? 1. The Abhiras 2. The lkshvakus 3. The Chutus 4. The Pallavas Choose the correct answer using the codes given below
195. The word `Sanga' in is associated in Tamil history with
196. Which of the following does not testify to the impact of Aryan Culture on the Sangam Age?
197. The centre of Sangam literature and the patrons of Sangam poets were
198. Frequent allusions to the Romaka Siddhanta and Paulisa Siddhanta, by the great Indian astronomer Varahmihira, indicate
199. Which of the following statements about the social structure of the Sangam Age is not correct?
200. Which of the following non-Aryan social beliefs has been continuing in Tamil Nadu since the Sangam Age?
201. During the Sangam Age a tutelary tree called Kadimaram or Kavalmaram was planted by the rulers at a central place in the town and they took great care to protect the tree because
202. Consider the following statements 1. At Puhar of Kaveripumpattinam, a great festival, described vividly by Sangam epics was held in honour of Lord lndra. 2. The Goddess Kannagi of Sangam age was the Goddess of chastity. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
203. In which of the following texts was the first mention of sage Krishna, son of Devaki made
204. Which of the following kinds of devotion is 'Primary Devotion' according to Bhagavatism?
205. Bhagavatim has been regarded as a completely democratic religion because
206. Ashokan inscriptions of Mansehra and Shahbazgadhi are written in
207. Who among the following took the title of 'Vikramaditya' ?
208. Which one of the following statements about Chandragupta II is not correct?
209. In which one of the following are Samudragupta's achivements mentioned?
210. Arrange the following ruling dynasties of ancient India in correct chronological order. (HP PSC 2012) 1. Mauryas 2. Guptas 3. Nandas 4. Kushans Codes
211. Which one of the following statements about Chandragupta II is not correct?
212. In which one of the following are Samudragupta's achivements mentioned?
213. ibn Batuta's work, Rihla completed in 1355, is
214. The first major inscription in classical Sanskrit is that of
215. In the Gupta age, Varahamihira wrote the famous book, Brihat Samhita. It was a treatise on
216. Fahien's mission to India was to
217. Which one of the following persons was not one of the nine jewels of Chandragupta ll's court?
218. In Sanskrit plays written during the Gupta period women and sudras speak
219. Titles such as Mahendraditya, Mahendra-Simha, Ashvamedha- : • Mahendra were assumed by which one of the following kings?
220. Which one of the following Gupta kings ' had to face the first Huna invasion?
221. The erstwhile Satavahan dominion was divided by several dynasties. Which of the following is not one of them?
222. What is the correct chronological order in which the following appeared in India? 1. Gold coins , 2. Punch marked silver coins 3. Iron plough 4. Urban culture Select the correct answer using the codes given below
223. Which one of the following was not responsible for the disintegration of the Gupta Empire?
224. Which one of the following kings took the unique title Samrat?
225. Consider the following statements 1. The Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hien attended the fourth Great Buddhist Council held by Kanishka. 2. The Chinese pilgrim Hiuen-Tsang met Harsha and found him to be antagonistic to Buddhism. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
226. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?
227. The famous Jain scholar Hemachandra was patronised by
228. . The Chinese traveller Yuan Chwang (Hiuen Tsang), who visited India recorded the general conditions and culture of India at that time. In this context, which of the following statement is/are correct? (lAS 2013) 1. The roads and river-routes were completely immune from robbery. 2. As regards punishment for offences, ordeals by fire, water and poison were the instruments for determining the innocence or guilt of a person. 3. The tradesmen had to pay duties at ferries and barrier stations. Select the correct answer using the codes give below
229. The Silver coins issued by the Guptas were called
230. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of dynasties ruling in the lower Krishna Valley?
231. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?
232. Harsha's inscriptions mention the administrative divisions in the descending order. Which of the following is the correct order?
233. Which one of the following is not true about Harshavardhana?
234. Which one of the following is not true about Harshavardhana?
235. Where is the famous Khandariya Mahadeva temple located?
236. Which one of the following is not a characteristic feature of the post Gupta Period?
237. Consider the following foreign visitors to India 1. Alberuni 2. Fa-Hien 3. Hiuen Tsang 4. Megasthenese The correct chronological order in which these persons visited India is
238. Which one of the following is not true about the Pallavas?
239. Which one of the following inscriptions mentions Pulakesin ft's military success against Harshavardhana?
240. The decimal numeral system, including the concept of zero was invented in India during which one of the following dynasty?
241. Which one of the following temples was not built by Narasimha Varman II?
242. There are only two known examples of cave paintings of the Gupta period in ancient India. One of these is paintings of Ajanta caves. Where is the other surviving example of Gupta paintings?
243. Which one among the following statements is not correct?
244. Who is the only king of the Chalukyas of Badami known to perform the Ashvamedha sacrifice?
245. Which of the following ports handled the North Indian trade during the Gupta period?
246. The rulers of which of the following dynasties were fond of the titles Vallabha, Prithivivallabha or Vallabhisvara?
247. Who among the following is known for his work on medicine during the Gupta period?
248. Which one of the following is not associated with Pulakesin II Chalukya? Narasimhavarman I
249. Which one of the following is not true about the Gupta political system?
250. Which one of the following is not a Gupta innovation in the field of administration?
251. Consider the following Greek Philosophers 1. Aristotle 2. Plato 3. Pythagoras 4. Socrates Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the Greek Philosophers given above? (a) 1, 2, 3, 4
252. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of administrative divisions during the Gupta period?
253. Which one of the following is not a difference between the Mauryan imperial system and the Gupta imperial system?
254. Who translated the collection of South Indian tales into Sanskrit and titled the work as Kathasaritsagara?
255. Which one of the following personalities is not associated with the repair of Sudarshan lake during Gupta period?
256. Who among the following Chinese travelers visited the Kingdoms of Harshavardhana and Kumar Bhaskar Varma?
257. Which of the following is not a work of Kalidasa?
258. Which one of the following is not a work on grammar?
259. Which one of the following was not a characteristic feature of the architecture during the Gupta age?
260. Which of the following is the common trait of the Dashavatara temple at Deogarh, Mahadeva temple at Nachna Kuthara, a temple at Bhitaragaon and Mahabodhi temple at Bodh Gaya?
261. Which one of the following is not true about the Mathura school of sculpture?
262. Which one of the following is not a feature of the society during the Gupta period?
263. The industries in early ancient India were concentrated in the areas where
264. According to Patanjali Mathura was specially famous for its textile industries. Which of the following varieties of textile was the speciality of Mathura?
265. What was the reason for India becoming an intermediary in the silk trade between China and the West?
266. Consider the following statements about the punch marked coins. Which of them is not correct?
267. About which of the following South Indian cities are there descriptions in early Tamil literature to the effect that, the Yavana ships used to arrive with their cargoes and that the Yavana section of the city overflowed with prosperity?
268. Which of the following acted as bankers and money lenders?
269. Which of the following was not one of the effect of foreign trade during the post Gupta period?
270. The theory of the emergence of feudalism in the post-Gupta period is disputed on the ground that
271. Which of the following statements about the agrahara land grant is not correct?
272. Which of the following literary sources refers to the agrarian condition of the post Gupta period?
273. That during the post Gupta period the King was not the absolute owner of the land is proved by
274. In Gupta period, the king's share of the produce was known as
275. Consider the following statements about Sudarshan lake. Which of them is correct?
276. Regarding the condition of women during Gupta, it cannot be said that
277. Who constructed the Royal Highway from Pataliputra to Taxila, the most widely used highway?
278. Which of the following was not one of the reasons for the vast majority of artisans joining the guilds?
279. Which of the following was not one of the leading guilds of the period?
280. The beginning of the practice of land grants with fiscal and administrative immunities to Brahmins and Buddhist monks was made by the
281. The Royal writs of land grants during the post Gupta period were known as
282. The Vaishyas came to join the fold of the peasantry in the post Gupta period on account of
283. Which one of the following is not correct about the varna/caste system in the Gupta Age?
284. Whose philosophy is called the Advaita?
285. Who of the following built the temple of the Sun God at Konark?
286. Jayadeva, who wrote 'Gita Govinda' was the court poet of
287. In what way did the policy of the Rashtrakutas differ from their predecessors in the Deccan?
288. The greatest stylistic forms of temple architecture during the early medieval period were the Nagara, the Dravida and the Vesara. Which of the following was the geographical spread of the Dravida style?
289. Which of the following temples are built by the Rashtrakuta kings?
290. Which statement caves?
291. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
292. Ramacharita written by Sandhyakara Nandi in the AD 12th century was the
293. The main targets of Mahmud Ghazni's attacks were large towns and temples because
294. Who came to India at the instance of Sultan Mahmud?
295. According to Alberuni, the successors of the Kushans, who ruled over North India in the tenth-eleventh centuries were
296. Muhammad Ghori invaded India on account of his
297. Which of the following was not a result of the impact of Turkish conquest on India?
298. During Muhammad Ghori's absence on account of engagements with the Turks in Central Asia, who principally looked after the affairs of India?
299. The Turkish commander who conquered Bihar and Bengal was
300. Which one of the following dynasties built the Khajuraho temples?
301. The Rajputs were repeatedly defeated by the Turks because of
302. During the reign of which one of the following dynasties of Kashmir of this period, did the famous Queen Didda seize the throne?
303. A stabilising factor in the politics of Kashmir during this period was
304. The Hindu shahi ruler who burnt himself on a funeral pyre after being defeated by Mahmud Ghazni was
305. Which of the following Rajput clans was not one of the so called Agnikula origin?
306. Which one of the following was the official language of Gupta period?
307. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
308. It is said that the ''real cause for the defeat of the Rajputs against the Turks lay in the prevalent social system'' , because
309. A popular Hindi film based on the famous Sanskrit play Mrcchakatika was titled
310. The Arab traveller to India whose work is called the ''Mirror of the 11th century India'' was
311. An Arab astronomer who all the way went to Varanasi and studied Sanskrit language and astronomy there, for a decade was
312. One consistent feature found in the history of Southern India was the growth of small regional kingdoms rather than large empires because of
313. The famous image of Vagdevi which is the insignia of the Jnanpith Award, is associated with the king
314. Consider the following statements 1. The Ikshvaku rulers of Southern India were antagonistic towards Buddhism. 2. The Pala rulers of Eastern India were patrons of Buddhism. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
315. Which of the following statements given above is/are correct? 1. Dipankara Srijnana was a Buddhist monk who went to Tibet in the eleventh century to propogate Buddhism 2. Kumarapala (Chalukya) was the greatest royal patron of Jainism in the 7th century. Select the correct answer using the codes given below
316. Which of the following was not one of the feudal obligations of the feudatories to the overlord?
317. Who among the following gave asylum to Zoroastrians who fled by sea and by the coastal route from Persia to Western India in the early 8th century?
318. Which one of the following titles was not used by the feudatories of the period?
319. With an increase in the number of intermediaries, the peasant was forced to pay taxes in addition to the basic land tax. Which of the following was not one of these additional levies?
320. In early medieval India, what did the term Jital refer to?
321. Why has Alberuni written that there was little difference between the Vaishyas and Shudras?
322. The famous Kailasa temple, cut out of solid rock at Ellora, was built under the patronage of the
323. Which of the folloiwng explains the change in the traditional six-fold duty of the Brahmins during this period?
324. There was a very large proliferation of castes during the early medieval period due to
325. Which one of the following statements about Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur, is not correct?
326. Which of the following was not one of the well known mixed castes of the period?
327. The Badami rock inscription of Pulakesin 1st is dated in the Saka year 465. If the same were to be dated to Vikrama Samvat, the year would be
328. The remarriage of a widow was allowed when the
329. Which one among the following pairs is correctly matched?
330. Which of the following was not one of the effects of the growth of a feudal society in India?
331. Who among the following laid the foundation of Rashtrakuta Empire?
332. Bronze icons of Nataraja cast during the Chola period invariably show the deity with
333. Which one of the following scientific subjects was not taught at the University of Nalanda?
334. Which one of the following explains the emergence of the Kshatriyas as the most powerful feudal group?
335. Which one of the following is a special feature of the Chola Polity?
336. What was the most probable reason for the spread of the practice of sati during this period?
337. Which one of the following was the most marked change in the institution of marriage?
338. Which of the following was not one of the reasons for general decline in trade and commerce during the eighth to tenth centuries?
339. Who among the following Chola Kings reigned as Kulottung Chola I?
340. Which one of the following statements about the ebb and flow of religious movements during this period is not correct?
341. Which of the following statements about Nayanars (worshippers of Vishnu) and Alvars (worshippers of Shiva) of South India is not correct?
342. The temple of Somnath which was destroyed by Mahmud Ghazni was dedicated to Lord
343. Which one of the following is not a biography of Shankaracharya?
344. Which of the following is not true about Shankaracharya?
345. At which one of the following places Shankaracharya did not establish a matha?
346. Which one of the Chola Kings conquered Ceylon?
347. Which one of the following is not true about the trade during the early medieval period?
348. The rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram were built under the patronage of the
349. Which one of the following is not true about the varna/caste situation during the early medieval India?
350. Which one of the following is not true about the art and architecture of early medieval India?
351. Which of the following Chalukyan city is known as the city of temples?
352. Who destroyed the empire of Chalukyas of Badami?
353. Gold coins became extinct during the post-Gupta times. Which of the following dynasties revived them in the early medieval period?
354. Which one of the following texts does not constitute the scriptural foundation of the Vedanta?
355. The Rashtrakuta king, who has been compared to the renowned Vikramaditya in liberality and patronage of men of letters, was
356. A ruler of one of the ruling dynasties of the South who was called by the Arab traveller Sulaiman as ''among the four great sovereigns (powers) of the world - equal to the caliph of Baghdad and emperors of China and Turkey'' , was
357. What was the occasion for the building of a new capital near the mouth of the Kaveri called Gangaikonda - Cholapuram by Rajendra 1st?
358. The main reason(s) for the decline (and eventual break-up) of the Chola empire from the third quarter of the twelfth century onwards was/were
359. The king was virtually deified in the Chola administration. Which of the following was not one of the ways in which the cult of the God-King (devaraja) was encouraged?
360. What was the administrative innovation introduced by Rajaraja?
361. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
362. In which one of the following cities is the Lingaraja Temple located?
363. Where is the famous Virupaksha temple located?
364. The initial design and construction of which massive temple took place during the reign of Suryavarman lInd?
365. The Nagara, the Dravida, the Vesara are
366. Hoysala monuments are found in
367. Kalhana was a contemporary of the Lohara king of Kashmir named
368. Ghori directed his first invasion against
369. Bengal passed from The Palars to the control of a new dynasty, the Senas. Where did the Senas come from?
370. The Chandella King who in his old age is said to have sacrificed his life at the Sangam in Prayag was
371. Shankaracharya was mainly a
372. Which of the following did not form a part of the donations made to the temples?
373. The part of Delhi where Qutbuddin Aibak laid the foundation of the first so-called 'Seven cities' of medieval Delhi was
374. When Raja Wodeyar founded the Kingdom of Mysore, who was the ruler of the Vijayanagar Empire?
375. The foreign traveller whose account does not throw light on the history of the Sultanate is
376. Fawazil in the Sultanate period means
377. Why is the description. of the dynasty founded by Qutbuddin Aibak as `Slave Dynasty' or Mameluk Sultans inaccurate?
378. With reference to Delhi Sultanate, who was the founder of Sayyid Dynasty?
379. 'The king was freed from his people and they from their king.' On whose death did Badauni comment thus?
380. Which of the following was the low-caste (parwari) Hindu convert who usurped the throne from the Khiljis before the establishment of the succeeding Tughlaq dynasty?
381. The Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India was
382. Which of the given statements is/are correct?
383. The reign of which of the following Sultan is • said to mark the highest point of territorial expansion of the Sultanate?
384. Which one of the following monuments has a dome which is said to be one of the largest in the world?
385. To streamline the working of the Military Department, Alauddin Khilji introduced.
386. Which of the given statements is/are correct?
387. The Mongols under Chengiz Khan invaded India during the reign of
388. Which of the following was not one of the long-term benefits of the transfer of capital by Muhammad bin Tughlaq to Daulatabad?
389. Who among the following was the author of Tarikh-i-Alai, which contains the details of the first few years of Sultan Alauddin Khilji?
390. The original name of Alauddin Khilji was
391. Alauddin's theory of kingship was based on the concept that
392. Prem Vatika, poems on the life of Krishna, were composed by
393. How did Sultan Qutbuddin Aibak die?

394. The Sultan who refused to recognise the authority of Caliph was
.

395. Ibn Batuta' s work, Rihla, completed in 1355, is
396. How did the dynasty of Nizam Shahis of Ahmadnagar come to an end?
397. For his unbounded generosity, who amongst the following Sultans was titled by all writers of the time as ilakh baksh' or giver of lakhs?
398. Alam Khan, one of those who invited Babur to invade India was
399. The most hard-earned conquest of Alauddin Khilji, in which he gained success after nearly a year long campaigning was of
400. The historian Barani refused to consider the state in India under Delhi Sultans as truly Islamic because (IAS 2002)