The Rajasthan government has decided to introduce action plans at the district level in order to utilise locally available resources to reduce infant mortality rate (IMR). The plans will be based on the socio-economic conditions of each district. Speaking on the development, State Principal Medical and Health Secretary Veenu Gupta said that an important aspect of the district-level action plans would be a better coordination among the doctors working in the primary health centres for optimum utilisation of resources.
He further added that the medicos and the paramedical staff will work effectively as a team to provide quality health services and reduce infant mortality rate. The Infant mortality rate in Rajasthan was 32 deaths for every 1000 live births. The data was revealed in the Sample registration system baseline survey -2014. The action plans would aim to reduce the IMR to about 12 per 1000 live births by 2030. The task would be made possible by improving the intensive care units, infrastructure, referral services and increasing the strength and availability of medical staff.
There has been a consistent decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Under-Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) in India. The rate of decline in the current decade is higher than in the previous one. India also achieved its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4A, which was to reduce infant deaths in the country by two-third between 1990 and 2015. The latest government data reveals that IMR in India is now even below 39 per 1000 live births as against 40 in 2015.
The data from the latest round of Sample Registration Survey (SRS) reveals that India is also set to achieve the MDG on under-five mortality by the end of 2017. India’s current under-five mortality is 45 per 1,000 live births and the MDG target is 42. In fact, Kerala state in India has managed to reduce its IMR to 6 per 1000 live births, equalling the IMR of the United States. The development is significant given the fact that India had the highest number of child deaths in the world. India alone accounted for 22 per cent of 6.3 million annual under-five deaths globally.