Time of remembrance and reconciliation was observed globally on 8-9 May 2017 to pay tribute to all the victims of the Second World War. The day was designated by the UN General Assembly by resolution 59/26 of 22 November 2004. The assembly invited all its Member States, even though they may have individual days of victory, liberation and commemoration, along with all the UN organizations, non-governmental organizations and individuals, to observe the day annually either one or both of these days in an appropriate manner to pay tribute to all the World War II victims.
On the occasion of reconciliation, the UN also called upon its Member States to unite their efforts in dealing with new challenges and threats and to make every effort to settle all disputes by peaceful means, in such a manner that international peace and security are not endangered. It was WWII that established the conditions for the creation of the United Nations, a body designed to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order. It was established on 24 October 1945 as a replacement for the ineffective League of Nations that was disbanded in 1946 after WWII following its failure in preventing the conflict.
On 2 March 2010, by resolution 64/257, the UN General Assembly invited all its organizations, Member States, NGOs and individuals to observe 8-9 May in an appropriate manner to pay tribute to all victims of the Second World War. The assembly also held a special solemn meeting in the memory of the victims in the second week of May 2010, marking the 65th anniversary of the end of the Second World War. During the meeting, the then UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon called the Second World War as one of the most epic struggles for freedom and liberation in history and added that its cost was beyond calculation, beyond comprehension with the death of almost 40 million civilians, 20 million soldiers and nearly half of those in the Soviet Union.