A group of archaeologists discovered the remains of a nearly 4000 year old model garden outside a tomb in the ancient Egyptian capital of Thebes, today known as Luxor. The discovery was announced by Egypt’s Antiquities Ministry said on 3 May 2017. The discovery was made by a Spanish team in the Draa Abul Nagaa necropolis across the Nile from the modern-day city of Luxor. The Draa Abul Naga necropolis lies near the Valley of the Kings, where many of the pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, were buried.
The model garden was discovered during excavations in an open courtyard outside a Middle Kingdom tomb. It is a small rectangular garden that has an area of three by two meters. It is divided into equal square plots, each about 30 centimetres across. The plots seem to have each included various species of plants and flowers. Two elevated spots were found in the middle of the garden, which were probably used for planting trees. The root and the trunk of a 4000-year-old small tree, 30 centimetres tall, were found at one of the garden’s corners.
In addition, a bowl containing dates and other fruits, which could have been presented as an offering, was also found. A small mud-brick temple attached to the tomb containing three stone slabs was also discovered. Thebes was an ancient Egyptian city. It was located east of the Nile about 800 kilometers south of the Mediterranean. Its ruins lie within the modern Egyptian city of Luxor. Thebes was the main city of the fourth Upper Egyptian nome (Sceptre nome). The city served as the capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom.