The Government of Andhra Pradesh in the first week of March 2017 sent a proposal for the deployment of a Smart Mosquito Density System to the Union Ministry of Urban Development. Once approved, the system will be the first-of-its-kind project in the country.
Under the system, modern technologies will be deployed to detect mosquito breeding before malaria and other vector-borne diseases such as dengue, chikungunya and zika become an epidemic. Initially, the system will be deployed in three urban local bodies of the State – Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam and Tirupati.
Optical sensors will be fixed to electricity poles to capture density, species and gender of mosquitoes before moving in to exterminate them. As per the initial proposal, around 10 sensors will be deployed per a square kilometer area. On this basis, a total of 1,850 sensors will be deployed across 185 square kilometers of three cities.
The devices will analyse and transfer mosquito density data along with location to a central database. Special applications will be developed to prepare mosquito density heat maps based on the information received from sensors. The Phase I of the project is expected to cost Rs 4 crore. The project will be executed by utilizing the final assistance from the Union Government.
The Smart Mosquito Density System will operate autonomously and use state-of-the-art internet of things (IoT) technology to alert health and other agencies of emergencies. These thematic maps will help government agencies in prioritising sprays. The system will help the authorities in identifying breeding at exact location and that too with the right sprays for a particular species. Smart phones and web applications will be used to report sprays by location. And, there will be analytics to monitor the effectiveness of sprays.